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today i want to share with you the reply of the discussion question posed few weeks ago. the question was  on referencing

“Why do we cite the work of others? What constitutes a good source?”

and here is my reply:


It is important to make good and accurate citation of work of others, doing that will help to make sure that the work of those whom we cite is not misinterpreted or we do not mislead leaders of project by giving them wrong route to go if they need to dig further into the cite we have provided. (Haussmann et al, 2013)


There are various reasons to cite work of others;

Justification: when doing a research paper it should be build from the strong background, this will validate your work and prove worth to read, doing project “without justifying it or indentifying its context within the wider issues” Dawson (2009 p. 89) will result to failure. Citation shows what research article or book or subject had lead you to do the project.

Context: When you cite others you show that the project which you are doing fits academically and there others which have done study in that area and what you are doing is going to contribute in the field.

With citing work of others it also show readers where your projects has developed from, this means with a good citation it will help others to understand your starting point and go there if they wish to do so.

On the other hand citation make arguments convincing, for example when you do a research about a particular disease and one of the citation is from World Health Organization or Centers for Disease Control (CDC), that can make easier for readers to agree with your arguments and data obtained from theses sources ( , 2013)


A good source should be that one which contribute to the project which you are doing, it should comply with the context of your project and gives a clear and logical way of the work compared to previous work in that field. On the other hand a good source need to use appropriate reference which are relevant and up to date, it will be disastrous  to use a source which uses old references or its reference are from unrecognized authors even if it has good argument for your project but that will not be a good source. Dawson (2009, p. 103)


Citing need to be done careful, one need  to take time to collected references being from the library, internet, , video, books,  articles etc, then critically evaluate each of the source collected and make conclusion , this way it can be easier to come up with accurate citation.


Dawson, C.W. (2009) Projects in Computing and Information Systems: A Student’s Guide, 2nd edition, Addison-Wesley, Harlow ISBN: 978-0-273-72131-4Bottom of Form

Haussmann, N, McIntyre, T, Bumby, A, & Loubser, M 2013, ‘Referencing practices in physical geography: How well do we cite what we write?’, Progress In Physical Geography, 37, 4, pp. 543-549, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 20 October 2013. (2013) Avoiding Plagiarism. Available from  (Accessed: 20 October 2013)

Best regards and thank you.

Aspects of Research

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Dissertation involves research, so before moving with the dissertation, one thing which was supposed to be done is to understand the meaning of research and its aspects.   To understand the meaning of research and its aspect the following question was to be asked…

Discuss what are the three key aspects of research? Which one of them you consider the most important, or are they equally important?”

And here is my reply


Various literatures has used Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) definition to define what is research, according to Dawson (2009) who also quoted HEFCE Defined research as “an original investigation undertaken in order to gain knowledge and understanding”. A research can be further described as basic research or applied research. Applied research aim at acquiring new knowledge by undertaking a piece of original investigation.

From this definition three aspects of a research are realized which are originality, acquiring new knowledge and understanding and contribute to global knowledge.


Originality: In a research the piece of work must be an original of a researcher, originality can be from working to a new project which has not been done before or working to a project done before but using new ways and tools. On the other hand originality can be achieved by using existing data and apply them in a new way or new area. The researcher needs to produce original work through logical argument using genuine source of information and literature.

Knowledge and understanding, in this aspect of the research; the researcher must gain a new knowledge while doing the project, the researcher will use tools and method to collected data, this data is processed to get meaningful information which is then analyzed. The information can give the researcher higher understanding of the data and be a able to answer “why” the data behave and lead to results obtained, this is referred to as knowledge. Then the knowledge is put into practice and used to recommend on what should be done after seeing the results. Therefore knowledge and understanding help the researcher to add new ideas from what they know.

Creating new knowledge: The last aspect of the research is the contribution of knowledge to the world. The research done need to have benefit to the respective domain. The researcher need to use exiting knowledge from respective domain and may come up with new theories and invention or results which can add to the existing knowledge. The knowledge can be spread to others by putting in books, journals, reports and other forms of media.


To my opinion the three aspects have got equal importance, they are like human body parts, they depend each other, when a researcher is making effort to make his/her research original may find by doing that without doubt will be acquiring new knowledge, as Phillip and Pugh (2005: 47) quoted by Dawson, C.W. (2009) explained that “intelligence gathering” involves collecting data and information, but this will not be enough if we cannot understand it and contribute to knowledge. Therefore all aspects have equal importance.


Dawson, C.W. (2009) Projects in Computing and Information Systems: A Student’s Guide, 2nd edition, Addison-Wesley, Harlow ISBN: 978-0-273-72131-4

OECD (2009), available from: 5th October 2013)

Thank you for your time, see you next time.



Aside Posted on Updated on

Hi, I am student and Liverpool University online campus and currently I am at my final dissertation. This blog is to keep track of what I my doing on my dissertation, and also share with you whatever I found during this dissertation period.

Please feel free to share with me whatever you have.